Vanuatu


Jeografi

Ripablik blong Vanuatu hemi wan kantri blong Melanesian we hemi stap long saot wes blong solwata blong saot pacific , long Coral sea. Vanuatu hemi stap 1,750km long is blong Australia, 540 km not-is blong Niu Kaledonia, wes blong Fiji mo saot blong Solomon Aelan.
Vanuatu hemi gat 83 difren aelan, hemi gat tu taon blong kaontri wan hemi Port-Vila kapital igat 44,039 pipol blong (2009 census), hemi stap long Efate Aelan, mo Luganville i gat 13,156 pipol blong (2009 census), mo stap long aelan blong Espiritu Santo.
Total namba blong ol man stap blong Vanuatu hemi 286,429 ol man long (2016).

Vanuatu hemi kat plenti volkeno, sam oli aktib, olsem Yasur volkeno hemi stap blong Aelan blong Tanna, wetem Marum mo Benbow volkeno blong Ambrym Aelan. Aoba mo Loperi volkeno blong Ambae aelan, narafala volcano i no aktib hemi stap blong Garet Aelan mo Gaua Aelan mo Karua Aelan , sabmarin volkeno hemi stap blong Caldera blong Kuwae wetem Epi mo Tonga Aelan.
Vanuatu hemi rij blong difren kaen blong nature : volkeno, difren coral long solwata, blu solwota, virgin forest...mo ol aninit long tropikal weta.

Histri

« Niu Hebridis », hemi nem we James Cook, kapten blong Royal Navy hemi putum afta hemi kam long Vanuatu long yia 1774. Long en blong ol yia 1700, kassem en blong ol yia 1800, sam European oli stat lam long « Niu Hebridis » sloslo.
Long 1960, Franis mo Inglis man, oli setemap wan join gavman we oli callem British-French Condominium. Long 30 July 1980, Vanuatu i karem mo Port-Vila hemi kam kaptel blong niufala Independent State, Vanuatu.

Lanwis

Vanuatu hemi kat tri ofisol lanwis : Bislama, Inglis mo Franis. Vanuatu hemi rij blong plante difren lokol lanwis tu : hemi kat 286 000 man nomo, be namba ia hemi moa hae bitim evri ples long wol.

Kalja
Nakamal

Nakamal hemi wan impoten ples insaed long kastom, kalja mo social laef blong Vanuatu. Long taem bifo, long en blong dei ol man oil kam long nakamal long dring kava mo tokabaot bisnes blong olgeta mo politik, nakamal kassem todei, hemi wan ples tu blong meken kastom seremoni, oli rekonsileisen, mo talem ol impoten toktok blong jif, long aelan blong Saot, nakamal hemi wan ples we i stap aotsaed, kolosap wan banyan tri, long not mo sentrol vanuatu nakamal hemi wan haos. Long aelan blong saot blong saot olsem Tanna, ol wiman mo pikinini oli no save kam klosap long nakamal taem ol man oli drin kava. Nao ia nakamal usum long difren kava bar we yu finem long Port Vila.

Sandroin

Sandroin hemi wan tradesen we hemi spesel blong aelon blong not mo medel blong Vanuatu. Raon lo wol, i no kat wan tradesen olsem ia. Man i usum wan finga blong droem wan pikja long sandbis, long ash o long das. Plante taem, hemi usum wan laen nomo blong mekem piktja ia (finga blong hem i no kam ontap). Long taem bifo, ol man oli usum pikja ia olsem wan tok blong passem kastom, mo ol storian mo bilif, long ol youngfala. Long ia 2008, sandroin blong Vanuatu, oli bin putum long « Intangible Cultural Heritage » list blong wol ogenaesesem, UNESCO, meanem se tradesen ia hemi kat tumas valiu mo hemi impoten tumas long sevem.

Narafala samting blong kalja blong Vanuatu

Blong Pentecos Island, taem blong yams, olgeta i gat wan bigfaka kastom miting i hapen: The Gol Jump. Afta olgeta meken 20 meters tower wetem branj, ol boe i jamp long top blong tower.
Long Malekula, sam man oli save tanis wetem kastom mask we oli bin mekem wetem sopsop graon mo blak fen. Man Malekula oli kat difren kaen tanis blong ol difren kastom seremoni olsem taem pikini hemi bon, sakomsaes, nammangi (seremoni blong karem rank long kastom), mo Ded seremoni.
Long Gaua, sam woman oli mekem wota musik : blong mekem musik ia, oli stap long river or long sea mo oli kilim wota wetem han blong olgeta.

Tradesen- Kastoms

Bislama word kastom i talem Evri samting we blong ol kastom, hemi wan impotem Melanesian tradesen. Kastom rul sosol laef blong yu, givim respek, mo lao holemtaet mo from komuniti blong yumi. Stretem ol rao blong pis, taem hem tred blong pig mo mats. Fosem blong kastom hemi save witnesem evri impoten miting : hemi wedding, funerals, circumcision, graduation. Singsing mo danis hemi inevitable. Inhabitants luk blong perpetuate blong trdesen we yumi mas mekem long nekis jeneresen blong laef long pis mo harmony; nevertheless, tradesen ia i gat evolusen wetem taem. (http://www.vanuatuparadise.com/en/island-by-island/discover-a-timeless-archipelago). Ol man blong vilej-traeb, yu yu moa respek blong tradesen, i kasem stret blong places, people, mo object. Narafala vilej-traeb soem kastom soemaot blong turis, oli talem blong praktis, teknik, stori mo valiu long ancestors : faea, kukum (grate, pilim, wasem, slaesem, kukum...), lasing, miusik , danis, Droem long sandbij, sutum animol.

Hanwok

Prodiusum long saed blong art blong kastom hemi no fri ; sam nomo i save letem mekem blong kaving, les mo krietem ol paten. Difren blong wan aelan long narafala aelan, Hanwok hemi rij long Vanuatu. We i kamaot i dipen bigwan, hemi transletem laef wetem samting blong yusum blong kastom ol seremoni. Hanwok man mekem plet blong wud, wetem ol stael long turtle, birds mo fishes. Ol hanwok ia usum blong wok blong rerem kakae. Olegta mekem samting ia usum blong drin kava long hoas seremoni mo seremoni axes, pestles, knives, puzzles, spears mo bows. Olgeta mekem masks, hairdressing, hats, tattoos. Be samting we i moa olgeta mekem presentem fes blong ol man. Yu save finem ol statues, hard wood mo stone, hard wood drums wetem slots (Tam-Tam), placed horizontally mo vertically. Ol Hanwok mo pottery finem long west pat blong Santo. Woman usum kness blong olgeta blong mekem raon terracotta, oli save mekem bowl shape. Woman tu i save mekem mats, bags, belts mo pandanus mo coocnuts leaves.